What are Terpenes?
Did you know that scientists have found and named up to 200 different terpenes in the Cannabis plant and the quantity or type of terpenes range between different strains? Well, before we can discuss those topics more in depth, let’s review the basics about Terpenes and what they do.
Wikipedia states “Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers.” Terpenes are found in many plants (or organic matter) that we use in our day to day life. They have a purpose to help the plant mature properly and regulate growth, and are the purpose for distinctive scents.
They have numerous roles such as attracting the correct insects to distribute pollen for plant reproduction, warding off, or even killing predators that come near the plant. Some terpenes can be developed from discomfort to the plant, such as being exposed under too much heat. Talk about nature providing a solution for everything! Now, let's go a bit deeper into a few of the more common terpenes and what they are known for.
Limonene produces the citrus smell in fruits. Limonene is found in our organic plants such as citrus rinds, pine needle oils, juniper, peppermints, and even rosemary. This terpene has been known to help mental focus and overall well being.
Myrcene is found in the oils of citrus fruit, but is also known to smell just like cloves. Myrcene is the most persistently found terpene in hemp. Myrcene is powerful and has been known to block pro-mutagenic carcinogens and has been known to provide a relaxing or calm feeling. Myrcene has been known to increase the psychoactive ness in THC.
Myrcene and Limonene are both terpenes that are classified in having antifungal, anti-bacterial, and anti-carcinogenic properties. Some studies have shown these terpenes helped protect against carcinogens found in smoke.
Caryophyllene is another common terpene we want to mention, which is found mostly in herbs and spices, such as black pepper, giving it that unique and spicy flavor. Just like the other two terpenes we mentioned, caryophyllene obtains anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal properties. Caryophyllene works with the body's natural receptors and is commonly used in anti-inflammatory practices for dental pain relief or in topical formulas like creams. You can also find this terpene in cloves, lavender, and cinnamon.
Due to the medicinal and healing properties that terpenes offer, there are a number of growing interests regarding professional treatments. With a bit of research you can find professionals using different terpenes within their practices, for example aromatherapy being the most common, or supplement companies offering different terpenes concentrates to their consumers.
Both hemp and terpenes provide healing and powerful properties that benefit our health and well being. Here at Prime Sunshine we believe that with more understanding of the terpenes profiles, and using our top quality products you'll optimize and enhance your CBD usage and experience.